Model Answer: , The world is changing rapidly, and many of these changes make it a far more challenging place for us to dwell. Global warming, overpopulation, pollution and scarcity of resources will take the world to a staggeringly difficult situation. In the coming years, the biggest obstacle in front of India, my homeland, is to counter poverty and illiteracy. This essay will discuss these two problems and their possible solutions.
To begin with, India is home to more than 1.4 billion people and one of the most densely populated countries in the world. With a monstrous population and limited resources and wealth, people will face poverty more acutely in the coming decade. Cultivable lands are being converted to living space, cities are getting more polluted due to overpopulation, and poverty is setting in more deeply as a result. Along with this, the illiteracy rate will increase since poverty affects the literacy rate in a country. They are hard for the government and citizens to tackle, especially in a country that does not have a high budget. For example, according to some estimations, 60% of Indians will live below the poverty line in the coming days despite the increase in billionaires in this region, and the illiteracy rate will be higher among such destitute families.
The government has to propose strict guidelines for making primary and secondary education completely free and mandatory as an imminent solution to the illiteracy problem. The local administration, on top of that, should attract children to schools. For example, free meals in schools, in neighbouring Pakistan, have brought a good result and similar steps could be taken in India. As for the population problem, the “one-child policy” should be strictly enforced now. Finally, the awareness programmes and campaigns against can be a silver bullet for this problem.
In conclusion, the biggest challenge for India in the next ten years is to control poverty and ensure education for all. The government, local administration and citizens should contribute together to eliminating illiteracy and control rampant population growth.
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